Launched as gamechangers, the BJP government's social sector initiatives seem to have run into political opposition. With states - primarily those ruled by non-BJP parties - not warming up to the schemes, the central ministries are left struggling with getting all states on board and then achieving the ambitious targets.
As Modi government completes two years in Delhi, ET takes a look at how the big-ticket social sector initiatives are progressing:
SWACHH BHARAT MISSION
The cleanliness drive, which has caught the imagination of India, was one of the first initiatives to be launched by Modi in 2014. However, the states have been lukewarm towards the programme.
Data of Swachh Bharat Mission (urban) reveals that 70% of the individual toilets built have been in BJP states and other states like Trinamool Congress-ruled West Bengal and Samajwadi Party-ruled UP have not been very enthusiastic.
The government has been able to achieve 54% of the 2015-16 target in construction of household toilets in urban areas and 68% for community and public toilets.
Against a target of constructing 25 lakh individual household toilets, only 13.2 lakh were actually built. Modi's native state Gujarat emerged the best performer, accounting for more than one-third of the total household toilets constructed in 2015-16.
However, 11 states, including Assam , J&K, Meghalaya and Tripura, did not report construction of even a single toilet. Ministry officials do not assign any reason why states have not been building toilets.
HOUSING FOR ALL
Launched by the PM on June 25, 2015, the scheme delivers on BJP government's poll promise of providing lowcost housing to all. The scheme proposes to construct 2 crore houses by 2022. In its first year, non-BJP states have emerged as the top beneficiaries.
So far, 18 states have got housing projects sanctioned. The top performers are Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and West Bengal while BJP states of Maharashtra, Gujarat and MP are laggards.
A ministry of housing and poverty alleviation spokesperson said the southern states have performed better as they have databases of economically weaker section.