Offbeat

Sufficient vitamin D levels in childhood may cut diabetes risk

Children who receive higher levels of Vitamin D during infancy and childhood may be significantly at a lower risk of developing islet autoimmunity as well as Type 1 diabetes, according to a study. Type 1 diabetes is a chronic autoimmune disease that is increasing by 3-5% annually worldwide and occurs when the body's immune system destroys its own insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. Bear in mind that over 80% of people in India are deficient in Vitamin D.

Islet autoimmunity, detected by antibodies that appear when the immune system attacks the islet cells in the pancreas that produce insulin, is a precursor to Type 1 diabetes. Vitamin D represents a candidate protective factor for Type 1 diabetes as it regulates the immune system and autoimmunity, the researchers said.

'For several years, there has been controversy among scientists about whether Vitamin D lowers the risk of developing of islet autoimmunity and Type 1 diabetes,' said lead author Jill Norris from the Colorado University - Anschutz.

In the study, published in the journal Diabetes, the team searched for triggers and protective factors in 8,676 children with elevated Type 1 diabetes risk. They identified islet autoimmunity in 376 children and compared them with 1,041 children who did not.

Among children who were at an increased genetic risk for Type 1 diabetes, those with lower Vitamin D levels in infancy and childhood went on to develop islet autoimmunity compared with those who did not develop autoimmunity. The study showed that higher childhood vitamin D levels are significantly associated with a decreased risk of islet autoimmunity. (courtesy: htlifeandstyle)

Odia IPS Officer Appointed Kashmir Range IG

Bhubaneswar: In a major reshuffle, the Jammu and Kashmir government on Thursday appointed Odia IPS officer Swayam Prakash Pani as Inspector General (I...

Microwaves may be as harmful for environment as cars: study

London: Microwave ovens across Europe alone emit as much carbon dioxide as nearly seven million cars, a study has found.Researchers from University of...

Eating healthy but not losing weight ?

Many people have made weight loss their New Year's resolution and have stocked their kitchen shelves with healthy items like avocados, coconut oil and...

Know why January 15 is celebrated as Army Day

New Delhi: The Indian Army is celebrating its 70th raising day on Monday. The showcase event of the Army Day will be the annual parade at the Cariappa...