Osteoporosis: The Role of Calcium, Vitamin D and Regular Exercise

New Delhi,July 22: According to the International Osteoporosis Foundation, "Osteoporosis, which literally means porous bone, is a disease in which the density and quality of bone are reduced. As bones become more porous and fragile, the risk of fracture is greatly increased. The loss of bone occurs silently and progressively. Often there are no symptoms until the first fracture occurs.
For people with osteoporosis, bone loss outpaces the growth of new bone. Bones become porous, 
brittle and prone to fracture."

In most cases, osteoporosis is associated with a set of factors that include depletion in bone mass 
and density due to ageing, family history of osteoporosis, genetic inheritance, previous injuries and arthritis. 

Women often fall prey to the deficiency of vitamin D and calcium, which makes them more susceptible to the condition especially for those who have hit menopause.

Other than these, lifestyle factors also contribute to triggering this condition. Smoking, alcoholism, unhealthy low BMI, malnutrition, severe and long-term deficiency of calcium and Vitamin D, sedentary lifestyle and inadequate physical activity may aid in making bones weak over a period of time, thereby escalating risks of osteoporosis later in life. 

Osteoporosis is extremely widespread with an estimated one in every three women and one in every five men facing the risk of suffering from the condition.

Some of the most fracture prone and highly vulnerable areas in the human body include hip, wrist and spine. Vertebral and hip fractures often turn severe leading to long term dependence on medication. 

In most cases, the consequences may translate to structural deformities, loss of height and an inability to function independently. In such and most circumstances, surgery is the only option.