New Delhi,July 24: We are all familiar with the harmful effects of sugar, especially fructose content in processed foods. Scientists has shown that elevated content of soybean oil in a diet is even more harmful and causes more obesity compared to fructose.
Researchers experiment on male mice by feeding them with a series of four diets that consisted of 40 percent fat the same amount Americans intake at present. In one diet the research team utilized coconut oil that primarily comprises of saturated fat while in the second diet nearly half of the coconut oil the same amount of soybean oil Americans intake at present, was substituted by soybean oil that primarily comprises of polyunsaturated fats and is a chief constituent of vegetable oil.
The diet with soybean oil showed elevated weight gain, larger fat residues, and a fatty liver with indications of diabetes, insulin endurance and injury all of which are symbols of the Metabolic Syndrome, in comparison to the diet with coconut oil.
Although the fructose diets showed less acute metabolic syndrome compared to soybean oil it posed bigger risks on the kidney and indicated a noticeable rise in prolapsed rectums a symptom of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that is also a major concern like obesity.
The mice on the soybean high diet gained most weight compared to the mice of fructose and soybean oil. The mice on soybean high diet gained nearly 25 percent more weight than the mice on the coconut oil and 9 percent more weight than the mice on fructose high diet, while the mice on fructose high diet gained 12 percent more weight than the ones on coconut oil high diet.
According to WHO, obesity has experienced a two-fold increase since 1980. In 2014 more than 1.9 billion adults were overweight and over 600 million were obese. In 2013, 42 million children under the age of 5 were reported to be overweight or obese.
WHO said, in 2014 the occurrence of diabetes was guesstimated to be 9 percent in adults, across the world. In 2012 approximately 1.5 million deaths were reported directly diabetes 2. WHO predicts that by 2030, diabetes will become the 7th leading cause of death in the world.